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UMR 1065 Santé et Agroécologie du Vignoble

Article paru en octobre 2017 dans Journal of Insect Physiology

Article paru en octobre 2017 dans Journal of Insect Physiology
No evidence of an immune adjustment in response to a parasitoid threat in Lobesia botrana larvae

No evidence of an immune adjustment in response to a parasitoid threat in Lobesia botrana larvae

Vogelweith F, Moret Y, Thiéry D, Delbac L, Moreau J

Abtract

Immune function is a key determinant of an organism’s fitness, and natural insect populations are highly variable for this trait, mainly due to environmental heterogeneity and pathogen diversity. We previously reported a positive correlation between infection prevalence by parasitoids and host immunity in natural populations of the vineyard pest Lobesia botrana. Here, we tested whether this correlation reflects a plastic adjustment of host immunity in response to the local presence of parasites.

To this end, we measured immunity of non-parasitized L. botrana larvae exposed, respectively, to one of the two most common species of parasitoids in vineyards, over 6 days. Larvae were able to sense the parasitoid through visual, chemical, or mechanical cues, but contact larvae-parasitoid were excluded. Contrary to our hypothesis, we found that L. botrana larvae did not increase their immune defenses in the presence of parasitoids, despite their ability to sense a potential threat.

Our results therefore suggest that the positive correlation between infection prevalence by parasitoids and L. botrana immunity among natural populations may result from micro-evolutionary changes resulting from long-term local selection pressures imposed by parasitoids in wild populations rather than plastic adjustments of immunity.

Keywords

Campoplex capitator; Insect immunity; Grapevine moth; Phytomiptera nigrina; Plasticity; Prophylaxis

Journal of Insect Physiology 102, 7–11 doi.org/10.1016/j.jinsphys.2017.08.010