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INRA UMR ISPA - Interactions Sol Plante Atmosphère


Biogéochimie des Eléments Traces

L'équipe :






Biogeochemistry of Trace Elements

The Biogeochemistry of Trace Elements group is studying the dynamic of metal and metalloid trace elements in the context of food and feed crop production.

The overall objective is to guarantee that feed and food crops comply with the regulation limits for their content in trace elements (TE) in relation with the environmental conditions including the climatic conditions and the agricultural practices. The scientific questions we address are :

Lavage de racine
  • The modeling of the stock and availability of trace elements in cultivated soils : partitioning of TE between the solid phase and the soil solution, speciation of TE in the soil solution including the complexation. Reactions are modeled both with kinetics and at equilibrium
  • The modeling of TE uptake by the root system and the partitioning of the TE between the different plant organs : relationship between uptake and root architecture, genetic variability for the different mechanisms of uptake and of partitioning.
  • The building of a model predicting the transfer of TE from the soil to the edible plant parts. Integration of the uptake and partitioning models into a crop model.

The main trace elements studied are Cd, Cu, Zn, Pb and the crops are wheat, sunflower, maize, lettuce...A significant part of our research is dedicated to calcareous soils and to the management of organic matter (crop residues, recycling of organic wastes).

Système racinaire de tournesol
Champ de tournesols


  • Solubilization of TE from plant and soil samples by acid digestion (DigiPrep, microwaves digestions)
    culture en solution nutritive
  • Trace element quantification by Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (flame and graphite furnace)
  • Radioisotope tracing (109Cd, 65Zn,), certified laboratory and greenhouse, scintillation counting
  • Assessment of the physico-chemical availability of trace element in soils: sequential extractions, DGT, estimation of the soil/solution partitioning of TE by isotopic dilution, sorption/desorption experiments, estimation of TE speciation in the soil solution by chemical modeling and by a resin method
  • Cultivation of plants in nutrient solution in greenhouse with controlled climatic conditions and automatic nutrient renewal, one greenhouse for the use of radioisotopes.
  • Root architecture measurements by scanning the root system and image analysis (WinRhizo)
  • Xylem sap analysis (trace element and also sugar, organic and amino acids in collaboration with the metabolomic facility of the Bordeaux INRA research center)
  • Modelling and model analysis
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Projects and networks

  • RMT Quasaprove : network for the research on the sanitary quality of food crops: research laboratories and technical institutes, includes a field trial network covering the different agricultural regions of France,
  • ANR SimTraces : Numerical simulator for the accumulation by crops of inorganic trace elements contaminants of soils
  • ANR Cadon : Cadmium and DeOxyNivalenol in durum wheat grains: Understanding the co-contamination and the associated toxicity
  • Casdar Multicontaminants, Quasagro : Management of soils and crop residues : impact on the sanitary quality of crops.
  • SORE-PRO : Long term effects of organic wastes applied to crops. In charge of the site of 'Couhins' (Bordeaux, France)
  • Labex COTE
  • SicMed



Geoscience Environment Toulouse

Euskampus UPV/EHU University of the basque country

Arvalis Institut du végétal

Terres Inovia (ex Cetiom)

Some Publications

Doumas, P., Munoz, M., Banni, M., Becerra, S., Bruneel, O., Casiot, C., Cleyet-Marel, J.-C., Gardon, J., Noack, Y., Sappin-Didier, V., 2016. Polymetallic pollution from abandoned mines in Mediterranean regions: a multidisciplinary approach to environmental risks. Regional Environmental Change 1–16. doi:10.1007/s10113-016-0939-x

Cornu, J.-Y., Denaix, L., Lacoste, J., Sappin-Didier, V., Nguyen, C., Schneider, A., 2016. Impact of temperature on the dynamics of organic matter and on the soil-to-plant transfer of Cd, Zn and Pb in a contaminated agricultural soil. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 1–11. doi:10.1007/s11356-015-5432-4

Nguyen, C., Soulier, A.J., Masson, P., Bussière, S., Cornu, J.Y., 2016. Accumulation of Cd, Cu and Zn in shoots of maize (Zea mays L.) exposed to 0.8 or 20 nM Cd during vegetative growth and the relation with xylem sap composition. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 1–13. doi:10.1007/s11356-015-5782-y

Cornu, J.-Y., Deinlein, U., Höreth, S., Braun, M., Schmidt, H., Weber, M., Persson, D.P., Husted, S., Schjoerring, J.K., Clemens, S., 2015. Contrasting effects of nicotianamine synthase knockdown on zinc and nickel tolerance and accumulation in the zinc/cadmium hyperaccumulator Arabidopsis halleri. New Phytologist 206, 738–750. doi:10.1111/nph.13237

Laporte, M.-A., Sterckeman, T., Dauguet, S., Denaix, L., Nguyen, C., 2015. Variability in cadmium and zinc shoot concentration in 14 cultivars of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) as related to metal uptake and partitioning. Environmental and Experimental Botany 109, 45–53. doi:10.1016/j.envexpbot.2014.07.020

Liñero, O., Cidad, M., Carrero, J.A., Nguyen, C., de Diego, A., 2015. Accumulation and Translocation of Essential and Nonessential Elements by Tomato Plants (Solanum lycopersicum) Cultivated in Open-Air Plots under Organic or Conventional Farming Techniques. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 63, 9461–9470. doi:10.1021/acs.jafc.5b03878

Lin, Z., Schneider, A., Sterckeman, T., Nguyen, C., 2015. Ranking of mechanisms governing the phytoavailability of cadmium in agricultural soils using a mechanistic model. Plant and Soil 1–19. doi:10.1007/s11104-015-2663-6

Sterckeman, T., Goderniaux, M., Sirguey, C., Cornu, J.-Y., Nguyen, C., 2015. Do roots or shoots control cadmium accumulation in the hyperaccumulator Noccaea caerulescens? Plant and Soil 392, 87–99. doi:10.1007/s11104-015-2449-x

Bérard, A., Mazzia, C., Sappin-Didier, V., Capowiez, L., Capowiez, Y., 2014. Use of the MicroRespTM method to assess Pollution-Induced Community Tolerance in the context of metal soil contamination. Ecological Indicators 40, 27–33. doi:10.1016/j.ecolind.2013.12.024

Cornu, J.Y., Elhabiri, M., Ferret, C., Geoffroy, V.A., Jezequel, K., Leva, Y., Lollier, M., Schalk, I.J., Lebeau, T., 2014. Contrasting effects of pyoverdine on the phytoextraction of Cu and Cd in a calcareous soil. Chemosphere 103, 212–219. doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2013.11.070

Coutelot, F., Sappin-Didier, V., Keller, C., Atteia, O., 2014. Comparison of soil solution sampling techniques to assess metal fluxes from contaminated soil to groundwater. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 186, 8929–8941. doi:10.1007/s10661-014-4055-4

Ferret, C., Cornu, J.Y., Elhabiri, M., Sterckeman, T., Braud, A., Jezequel, K., Lollier, M., Lebeau, T., Schalk, I.J., Geoffroy, V.A., 2014. Effect of pyoverdine supply on cadmium and nickel complexation and phytoavailability in hydroponics. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 22, 2106–2116. doi:10.1007/s11356-014-3487-2

Ferret, C., Sterckeman, T., Cornu, J.-Y., Gangloff, S., Schalk, I.J., Geoffroy, V.A., 2014. Siderophore-promoted dissolution of smectite by fluorescent P seudomonas: Smectite alteration by bacteria. Environmental Microbiology Reports 6, 459–467. doi:10.1111/1758-2229.12146

Huguenot, D., Bois, P., Cornu, J.Y., Jezequel, K., Lollier, M., Lebeau, T., 2014. Remediation of sediment and water contaminated by copper in small-scaled constructed wetlands: effect of bioaugmentation and phytoextraction. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 22, 721–732. doi:10.1007/s11356-014-3406-6

Laporte, M.A., Denaix, L., Dauguet, S., Nguyen, C., 2014. Longitudinal variation in cadmium influx in sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) roots as depending on the growth substrate, root age and root order. Plant and Soil 381, 235–247. doi:10.1007/s11104-014-2123-8

Lin, Z., Schneider, A., Nguyen, C., Sterckeman, T., 2014. Can ligand addition to soil enhance Cd phytoextraction? A mechanistic model study. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 1–16. doi:10.1007/s11356-014-3218-8

Pagès, L., Bécel, C., Boukcim, H., Moreau, D., Nguyen, C., Voisin, A.-S., 2014. Calibration and evaluation of ArchiSimple, a simple model of root system architecture. Ecological Modelling 290, 76–84. doi:10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2013.11.014

Sabine Houot, Marie-Noëlle Pons, Marilys Pradel, Anaïs Tibi (coord.), Christine Aubry, Laurent Augusto, Rémi Barbier, Pierre Benoît, Hubert Brugère, Marc-Antoine Caillaud, Magali Casellas, Alexandra Chatelet, Patrick Dabert, Sybille De, Mareschal, Isabelle Doussan, Claire Etrillard, Jacques Fuchs, Sophie Génermont, Laure Giamberini, Arnaud Hélias, Emilie, Jardé, Sophie Le Perchec, Sylvie Lupton, Nicolas Marron, Safya Ménasseri, Alain Mollier, Christian Morel, Christian Mougin, Christophe Nguyen, Virginie Parnaudeau, Dominique Patureau, Anne-Marie Pourcher, Guido Rychen, Isabelle Savini, Erik, Smolders, Edward Topp, Laure Vieublé, Catherine Viguié, 2014. Valorisation des matières fertilisantes d’origine résiduaire sur les sols à usage agricole ou forestier :  impacts agronomiques, environnementaux, socio-economiques (Expertise scientifique collective, rapport, INRA-CNRS-Irstea).

Zarrouk, S., Bermond, A., Benzina, N.K., Sappin-Didier, V., Denaix, L., 2014. Diffusive gradient in thin-film (DGT) models Cd and Pb uptake by plants growing on soils amended with sewage sludge and urban compost. Environmental Chemistry Letters 12, 191–199. doi:10.1007/s10311-013-0431-5

Bois, P., Huguenot, D., Jézéquel, K., Lollier, M., Cornu, J.Y., Lebeau, T., 2013. Herbicide mitigation in microcosms simulating stormwater basins subject to polluted water inputs. Water Research 47, 1123–1135. doi:10.1016/j.watres.2012.11.029

Laporte, M.A., Denaix, L., Pagès, L., Sterckeman, T., Flénet, F., Dauguet, S., Nguyen, C., 2013. Longitudinal variation in cadmium influx in intact first order lateral roots of sunflower (Helianthus annuus. L). Plant and Soil 372, 581–595. doi:10.1007/s11104-013-1756-3

Nguyen, C., Cornu, J.Y., Denaix, L., Laurette, J., Sappin-Didier, V., Schneider, A., Méléard, B., 2013. Blé dur : Freiner l’accumulation de cadmium dans les grains. Perspectives Agricoles 58–61.

Norini, M.-P., Secher, C., Lollier, M., Jézéquel, K., Cornu, J.-Y., Lebeau, T., 2013. Quantification of the 16S–23S rRNA internal transcribed spacers of Burkholderia xenovorans strain LB400 using real-time PCR in soil samples. Letters in Applied Microbiology 56, 366–372. doi:10.1111/lam.12057

Secher, C., Lollier, M., Jézéquel, K., Cornu, J.Y., Amalric, L., Lebeau, T., 2013. Decontamination of a polychlorinated biphenyls-contaminated soil by phytoremediation-assisted bioaugmentation. Biodegradation 24, 549–562. doi:10.1007/s10532-013-9625-6

Cornu, J.-Y., Huguenot, D., Jezequel, K., Lebeau, T., 2012. Evaluation of sugar beet pulp efficiency for improving the retention of copper in stormwater basin. Journal of Soils and Sediments 13, 220–229. doi:10.1007/s11368-012-0625-7

El Azhari, N., Lainé, S., Sappin-Didier, V., Beguet, J., Rouard, N., Philippot, L., Martin-Laurent, F., 2012. Long-term impact of 19 years’ farmyard manure or sewage sludge application on the structure, diversity and density of the protocatechuate-degrading bacterial community. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 158, 72–82. doi:10.1016/j.agee.2012.05.015

Balesdent, J., Derrien, D., Fontaine, S., Kirman, S., Klumpp, K., Loiseau, P., Marol, C., Nguyen, C., Péan, M., Personeni, E., Robin, C., 2011. Contribution de la rhizodéposition aux matières organiques du sol, quelques implications pour la modélisation de la dynamique du carbone. Étude et Gestion Des Sols 18, 201–216.

Cornu, J.Y., Schneider, A., Jezequel, K., Denaix, L., 2011. Modelling the complexation of Cd in soil solution at different temperatures using the UV-absorbance of dissolved organic matter. Geoderma 162, 65–70. doi:10.1016/j.geoderma.2011.01.005

Dauguet, S., Denaix, L., Nguyen, C., Royer, E., Levasseur, P., Potin-Gauthier, M., Lespes, G., Parat, C., Héroult, J., Coudure, R., Chery, P., Devert, M., Robert, N., Pouech, P., 2011a. Mesure des flux d’éléments traces (Pb, Cd, As, Cu, Zn) dans les sols, végétaux, porcs et lisiers des exploitations porcines du Sud-Ouest. Innovations Agronomiques 175–190.

Denaix, L., Thomas-Chéry, A.-L., Balet, J., Benbrahim, M., Carnus, J.-M., 2011. Effects of Municipal Sewage Sludge Application on Soil and Purple Moor-grass (Molinia caerulea) Contamination by Metals in a Maritime Pine Forest. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution 219, 239–249. doi:10.1007/s11270-010-0702-8

Parat, C., Schneider, A., Castetbon, A., Potin-Gautier, M., 2011. Determination of trace metal speciation parameters by using screen-printed electrodes in stripping chronopotentiometry without deaerating. Analytica Chimica Acta 688, 156–162. doi:10.1016/j.aca.2010.12.034

Schneider, A., 2011. Transfert sol-plante du radio-césium. Synthèse Bibliographique Pour Le Département Environnement & Agronomie INRA 58.

Schneider, A., Nguyen, C., 2011. Use of an Exchange Method to Estimate the Association and Dissociation Rate Constants of Cadmium Complexes Formed with Low-Molecular-Weight Organic Acids Commonly Exuded by Plant Roots. Journal of Environment Quality 40, 1857. doi:10.2134/jeq2010.0529

Sivry, Y., Riotte, J., Sappin-Didier, V., Munoz, M., Redon, P.-O., Denaix, L., Dupre, B., 2011. Multielementary (Cd, Cu, Pb, Zn, Ni) Stable Isotopic Exchange Kinetic (SIEK) Method To Characterize Polymetallic Contaminations. ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY 45, 6247–6253. doi:10.1021/es2006644

Bravin, M., Le Merrer, B., Denaix, L., Schneider, A., Hinsinger, P., 2010. Copper uptake kinetics in hydroponically-grown durum wheat (Triticum turgidum durum L.) as compared with soil’s ability to supply copper. Plant and Soil 331, 91–104.

Dauguet, S., Denaix, L., Nguyen, C., Coudure, R., Barrier-Guillot, B., 2010a. Apports organiques: ETM, cerner les transferts du sol aux plantes. Perspectives Agricoles 70–75.

Heroult, J., Parat, C., Buissiere, S., Coriou, C., Denaix, L., Lespes, G., Potin-Gautier, M., 2010. Development of a fast method of mineralization for routine analysis of matrix of the agricultural production. GEOCHIMICA ET COSMOCHIMICA ACTA 74, A402.

Sivry, Y., Munoz, M., Sappin-Didier, V., Riotte, J., Denaix, L., de Parseval, P., Destrigneville, C., Dupre, B., 2010. Multimetallic contamination from Zn-ore smelter: solid speciation and potential mobility in riverine floodbank soils of the upper Lot River (SW France). EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF MINERALOGY 22, 679–691. doi:10.1127/0935-1221/2010/0022-2060

Blondel, T., Delmas, A.B., Denaix, L., Gaspéri, J.M., Jauzein, M., Lamy, I., Schwartz, C., van Vliet, J.F.M., 2009. Vers une réhabilitation des sols dégradés, in: Cheverry, C., Gascuel, C. (Eds.), Sous Les Pavés La Terre, Connaitre et Gérer Les Sols Urbains. Omniscience, France, pp. 135–160.

Cornu, J.Y., Parat, C., Schneider, A., Authier, L., Dauthieu, M., Sappin-Didier, V., Denaix, L., 2009. Cadmium speciation assessed by voltammetry, ion exhange and geochemical calculation in soil solutions collected after soil rewetting. Chemosphere 76, 502–208.

Dauthieu, M., Denaix, L., Nguyen, C., Panfili, F., Perrot, F., Potin-Gautier, M., 2009. Cadmium uptake and distribution in Arabidopsis thaliana exposed to low chronic concentrations depends on plant growth. Plant and Soil 322, 239–249. doi:10.1007/s11104-009-9912-5

Jones, D.L., Nguyen, C., Finlay, R.D., 2009. Carbon flow in the rhizosphere: carbon trading at the soil–root interface. Plant and Soil 321, 5–33. doi:10.1007/s11104-009-9925-0

Lespes, G., Marcic, C., Heroult, J., Le Hecho, I., Denaix, L., 2009. Tributyltin and triphenyltin uptake by lettuce. Implications of Organotins in Marine Environment and Their Prohibition 90, Supplement 1, S60–S68. doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2008.07.019

Nguyen, C., 2009. Rhizodeposition of Organic C by Plant:Mechanisms and Controls, in: Lichtfouse, E., Navarrete, M., Debaeke, P., Véronique, S., Alberola, C. (Eds.), Sustainable Agriculture. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 97–123.

Panfili, F., Schneider, A., Vives, A., Perrot, F., Hubert, P., Pellerin, S., 2009. Cadmium uptake by durum wheat in presence of citrate. Plant and Soil 316, 299–309. doi:10.1007/s11104-008-9782-2

Parat, C., Cornu, J.-Y., Schneider, A., Authier, L., Sapin-Didier, V., Denaix, L., Potin-Gautier, M., 2009. Comparison of two experimental speciation methods with a theoretical approach to monitor free and labile Cd fractions in soil solutions. Analytica Chimica Acta 648, 157–161. doi:10.1016/j.aca.2009.06.052

Pellerin, S., Denoroy, P., Hinsinger, P., Jaillard, B., Jordan-Meille, L., Le Cadre, E., Lineres, M., Mollier, A., Morel, C., Nesme, T., Schneider, A., 2009a. Sol et nutrition des plantes : nouvelles recherches sur la biodisponibilité des éléments minéraux, in: Stengel, P., Balesdent, J., Bruckler, L. (Eds.), Le Sol. Editions Quae, Paris, France, pp. 94–98.

Schneider, A., Nguyen, C., Denaix, L., 2009. Estimation of the association and dissociation rate constants of Cd  complexes with various aminopolycarboxylic acids by an exchange method. Environmental Chemistry 6, 334–340. doi:10.1071/EN09053

Strazeczek, A., Loosemore, N., Briat, J.F., Hinsinger, P., Sappin-Didier, V., Vansuyts, G., Jaillard, B., 2009. Effets du pH de la rhizosphère sur la mobilisation de Zn par les plantes, in: Cambier, P., Schvartz, C., van Oort, F. (Eds.), Contaminations Métalliques Des Agrosystèmes et écosystèmes Péri-Industriels. Editions Quae, Versailles, France, pp. 163–175.

Cornu, J.Y., Denaix, L., Schneider, A., Pellerin, S., 2008. Temporal variability of solution Cd2+ concentration in metal-contaminated soils as affected by soil temperature: Consequences on lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) exposure. Plant and Soil 307, 51–65. doi:10.1007/s11104-008-9580-x

Diesing, W.E., Sinaj, S., Sarret, G., Manceau, A., Flura, T., Demaria, P., Siegenthaler, A., Sappin-Didier, V., Frossard, E., 2008. Zinc speciation and isotopic exchangeability in soils polluted with heavy metals. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF SOIL SCIENCE 59, 716–729. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2389.2008.01032.x

Dubascoux, S., Lespes, G., Denaix, L., Gautier, M.P., 2008a. Kinetic monitoring of trisubstituted organotins in soil after sewage sludge application. Applied Organometallic Chemistry 22, 481–487. doi:10.1002/aoc.1421

Heroult, J., Nia, Y., Denaix, L., Bueno, M., Lespes, G., 2008. Kinetic degradation processes of butyl- and phenyltins in soils. Chemosphere 72, 940–946.

Heroult, J., Zuliani, T., Bueno, M., Denaix, L., Lespes, G., 2008. Analytical advances in butyl-, phenyl- and octyltin speciation analysis in soil by GC-PFPD. Talanta 75, 486–493. doi:10.1016/j.talanta.2007.11.053

Mollier, A., De Willigen, P., Heinen, M., Morel, C., Schneider, A., Pellerin, S., 2008. A two-dimensional simulation model of phosphorus uptake including crop growth and P-response. Ecological Modelling 210, 453–464. doi:10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2007.08.008

Nguyen, C., Froux, F., Recous, S., Morvan, T., Robin, C., 2008. Net N immobilisation during the biodegradation of mucilage in soil as affected by repeated mineral and organic fertilisation. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 80, 39–47.

Schneider, A., 2008. An Exchange Method To Investigate the Kinetics of Cd Complexation in Soil Solutions. Environ. Sci. Technol. 42, 4076–4082. doi:10.1021/es0717820

Stephan, C.H., Courchesne, F., Hendershot, W.H., McGrath, S.P., Chaudri, A.M., Sappin-Didier, V., Sauve, S., 2008. Speciation of zinc in contaminated soils. Environmental Pollution 155, 208–216.

Benizri, E., Nguyen, C., Piutti, S., Slezack-Deschaumes, S., Philippot, L., 2007. Additions of maize root mucilage to soil changed the structure of the bacterial community. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 39, 1230–1233. doi:10.1016/j.soilbio.2006.12.026

Cornu, J.Y., Denaix, L., Schneider, A., Pellerin, S., 2007. Temporal evolution of redox processes and free Cd dynamics in a metal-contaminated soil after rewetting. Chemosphere 70, 306–314. doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2007.06.003

Cornu, J.Y., Staunton, S., Hinsinger, P., 2007. Copper concentration in plants and in the rhizosphere as influenced by the iron status of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum L.). Plant and Soil 292, 63–77. doi:10.1007/s11104-007-9202-z

Masson, P., Dauthieu, M., Trolard, F., Denaix, L., 2007. Application of direct solid analysis of plant samples by electrothermal vaporization-inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry: Determination of Cd and Si for environmental purposes. Spectrochimica Acta Part B-Atomic Spectroscopy 62, 224–230.

Parat, C., Denaix, L., Leveque, J., Chaussod, R., Andreux, F., 2007. The organic carbon derived from sewage sludge as a key parameter determining the fate of trace metals. CHEMOSPHERE 69, 636–643. doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2007.02.069

Personeni, E., Nguyen, C., Marchal, P., Pagès, L., 2007. Experimental evaluation of an efflux–influx model of C exudation by individual apical root segments. Journal of Experimental Botany 58, 2091 –2099. doi:10.1093/jxb/erm065

Sivry, Y., Denaix, L., Fabregue, M., Riotte, J., Zouiten, C., Sappin-Didier, V., Dupre, B., 2007. Study of trace elements reactivity in polluted soils: Measure of Cd, Zn, Cu and Pb lability by using DGT and isotopic dilution methods. Geochimica Et Cosmochimica Acta 71, A944–A944.

Vong, P.-C., Nguyen, C., Guckert, A., 2007. Fertilizer sulphur uptake and transformations in soil as affected by plant species and soil type. European Journal of Agronomy 27, 35–43. doi:10.1016/j.eja.2007.01.011

Benbrahim, M., Denaix, L., Thomas, A.-L., Balet, J., Carnus, J.-M., 2006. Metal concentrations in edible mushrooms following municipal sludge application on forest land. Environmental Pollution 144, 847–854. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2006.02.014

Cornu, J.Y., Denaix, L., 2006. Prediction of zinc and cadmium phytoavailability within a contaminated agricultural site using DGT. Environmental Chemistry 3, 61–64.

Geebelen, W., Sappin-Didier, V., Ruttens, A., Carleer, R., Yperman, J., Bongue-Boma, K., Mench, M., van der Lelie, N., Vangronsveld, J., 2006. Evaluation of cyclonic ash, commercial Na-silicates, lime and phosphoric acid for metal immobilisation purposes in contaminated soils in Flanders (Belgium). ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION 144, 32–39. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2006.01.013

Marcic, C., Le Hecho, I., Denaix, L., Lespes, G., 2006. TBT and TPhT persistence in a sludged soil. Chemosphere 65, 2322–2332. doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2006.05.007

Schneider, A., 2006. Adaptation of the Ion Exchange Method for the Determination of the Free Ionic Fraction of Cadmium in Solution. Journal of Environment Quality 35, 394. doi:10.2134/jeq2005.0094

Sivry, Y., Riotte, J., Munoz, M., Sappin-Didier, V., Dupre, B., 2006. Study of labile Cd pool in contaminated soil using stable isotope analysis, radioactive isotope dilution and sequential extraction. GEOCHIMICA ET COSMOCHIMICA ACTA 70, A594. doi:10.1016/j.gca.2006.06.1103

Bermond, A., Varrault, G., Sappin-Didier, V., Mench, M., 2005. A kinetic approach to predict soil trace metal bioavailability: preliminary results. Plant and Soil 275, 21–29.

Lichtfouse, E., Sappin-Didier, V., Denaix, L., Caria, G., Metzger, L., Amellal-Nassr, N., Schmidt, J., 2005. A 25-year record of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in soils amended with sewage sludges. Environmental Chemistry Letters 3, 140–144.

Sappin-Didier, V., Vansuyts, G., Mench, M., Briat, J.F., 2005. Cadmium availability at different soil pH to transgenic tobacco overexpressing ferritin. Plant and Soil 270, 189–197.

Semlali, R., Dessogne, J., Monna, F., Bolte, J., Azimi, S., Navarro, N., Denaix, L., Loubet, M., Chateau, C., Van Oort, F., 2004. Modeling lead input and output in soils using lead isotopic geochemistry. ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY 38, 1513–1521. doi:10.1021/es0341384

Adamo, P., Denaix, L., Terribile, F., Zampella, M., 2003. Characterization of heavy metals in contaminated volcanic soils of the Solofrana river valley (southern Italy). Geoderma 117, 347–366.

Baize, D., Mench, M., Sappin-Didier, V., Mocquot, B., Gomez, A., Proix, N., Sterckeman, T., 2003. Phytodisponibilité des éléments traces métalliques dans les grains de blé. Les Dossiers de L’environnement de l’INRA 25, 45–62.

Latrille, C., Denaix, L., Lamy, I., 2003. Interaction of copper and zinc with allophane and organic matter in the B horizon of an Andosol. European Journal of Soil Science 54, 357–364.

Dahmani-Muller, H., van Oort, F., Denaix, L., 2002. Is metal extraction by Arabidopsis halleri related to exchangeable metal rates in soils amended with different metal-bearing solids? Environmental Pollution 117, 487–498.

Denaix, L., Semlali, R.M., Douay, F., 2001. Dissolved and colloidal transport of Cd, Pb, and Zn in a silt loam soil affected by atmospheric industrial deposition. Environmental Pollution 114, 29–38.

Latrille, C., Elsass, F., van Oort, F., Denaix, L., 2001. Physical speciation of trace metals in Fe-Mn concretions from a rendzic lithosol developed on Sinemurian limestones (France). Geoderma 100, 127–146. doi:10.1016/S0016-7061(00)00083-5

Mench, M., M., Baize, D., Denaix, L., Sappin Didier, V., V., Sterckeman, T., 2001. Exposition des végétaux aux éléments traces via la solution du sol : diagnostic de contamination des récoltes, diagnostic de danger, pratiques agricoles pour prévenir ou assainir, in: Les Nouveaux Défis de La Fertilisation Raisonnée, 5ème Rencontres de La Fertilisation Raisonnée et de L’analyse de Terre. pp. 317–332.

Semlali, R.M., van Oort, F., Denaix, L., Loubet, M., 2001. Estimating distributions of endogenous and exogenous Pb in soils by using Pb isotopic ratios. Environmental Science & Technology 35, 4180–4188.

Cornu, S., Clozel, B, 2000. Extractions séquentielles et  spéciation des éléments traces métalliques dans les sols naturels. Analyse critique. Etude et Gestion Des Sols 7, 179–189.

Huber, K., Denaix, L., 2000. Genèse et modalités de transfert de colloïdes dans des eaux gravitaires d’un podzol alpin. Comptes Rendus de l’Académie Des Sciences - Series IIA - Earth and Planetary Science 330, 251–258. doi:10.1016/S1251-8050(00)00137-3

Jongmans, A.G., Denaix, L., van Oort, F., Nieuwenhuyse, A., 2000. Induration of C horizons by allophane and imogolite in Costa Rican volcanic soils. Soil Science Society of America Journal 64, 254–262.

Mercier, P., Denaix, L., Robert, M., de Marsily, G., 2000. Colloid transfer by subsurface drainage. Comptes Rendus De L Academie Des Sciences Serie Ii Fascicule a-Sciences De La Terre Et Des Planetes 331, 195–202.

Schneider, A., Morel, C., 2000. Relationship between the isotopically exchangeable and resin-extractable phosphate of deficient to heavily fertilized soil. European Journal of Soil Science 51, 709–715. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2389.2000.00351.x

Semlali, R.M., van Oort, F., Loubet, M., Denaix, L., 2000. La composition isotopique du plomb : un outil privilégié pour l’estimation de la distribution du plomb anthropique et naturel dans les sols. Comptes Rendus de l’Académie Des Sciences - Series IIA - Earth and Planetary Science 331, 595–600. doi:10.1016/S1251-8050(00)01460-9

Denaix, L., Lamy, I., Bottero, J.Y., 1999a. Structure and affinity towards Cd2+, Cu2+, Pb2+ of synthetic colloidal amorphous aluminosilicates and their precursors. Colloids and Surfaces a-Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects 158, 315–325. doi:10.1016/S0927-7757(99)00096-5

Denaix, L., Van Oort, F., Pernes, M., Jongmans, A.G., 1999c. Transmission X-ray diffraction of undisturbed soil microfabrics obtained by microdrilling in thin sections. Clays and Clay Minerals 47, 637–646.

Jongmans, A.., van Oort, F., Denaix, L., Jaunet, A.., 1999. Mineral micro- and nano-variability revealed by combined micromorphology and in situ submicroscopy. CATENA 35, 259–279. doi:10.1016/S0341-8162(98)00104-0

Boisson, J., Mench, M., Sappin-Didier, V., Solda, P., Vangronsveld, J., 1998. Short-term in situ immobilization of Cd and Ni by beringite and steel shots application to long-term sludged plots. Agronomie 18, 347–359. doi:10.1051/agro:19980502

Jongmans, A.G., Denaix, L., van Oort, F., 1998. Isotropic smectite coatings and spheroids in Holocene volcanic deposits under temperate climate, France. Soil Science Society of America Journal 62, 287–295.

Mench, M., Amans, V., Sappin-Didier, V., Fargues, S., Gomez, A., Loffler, M., Masson, P., Arrouays, D., 1997. A study of additives to reduce availability of Pb in soil to plants. Science Reviews Ltd, Northwood, USA.

SappinDidier, V., Mench, M., Gomez, A., Masson, P., 1997. Evaluation by single extractions of Cd immobilization following the addition of inorganic amendments in two metal-contamined soils. Comptes Rendus De L Academie Des Sciences Serie Iii-Sciences De La Vie-Life Sciences 320, 413–419. doi:10.1016/S0764-4469(97)85030-5

Schneider, A., 1997a. Short-term release and fixation of K in calcareous clay soils. Consequence for K buffer power prediction. European Journal of Soil Science 48, 499–512. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2389.1997.00107.x

Schneider, A., 1997b. Influence of soil solution Ca concentration on short-term K release and fixation of a loamy soil. European Journal of Soil Science 48, 513–522. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2389.1997.00108.x

MENCH, M., DIDIER, V., LOFFLER, M., GOMEZ, A., MASSON, P., 1994. A mimicked in-situ remediation study of metal-contaminated soils with emphasis on cadmium and lead. Journal of Environmental Quality 23, 58–63.

MENCH, M., VANGRONSVELD, J., DIDIER, V., CLIJSTERS, H., 1994. Evaluation of metal mobility, plant availability and immobilization by chemical-agents in a limed-silty soil. Environmental Pollution 86, 279–286. doi:10.1016/0269-7491(94)90168-6

SAPPIN DIDIER, V., GOMEZ, A., 1994. Rehabilitation of soils polluted with toxic metals - case of granulated steel. Analusis 22, M28–M30.